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Yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing: The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale: factor …

This exemplifies the contribution of resistance items to the unstableness of the Y-BOCS factor structure. We will enter data into RevMan 5 RevMan

Ethan Walker
Saturday, January 21, 2017
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  • A review of technology-assisted self-help and minimal contact therapies for anxiety and depression: is human contact necessary for therapeutic efficacy? The tested model was assessed using x 2 test and further fit indices.

  • Ware Genetics of personality disorders: perspectives from personality and psychopathology research.

  • Results Total Results: 12 records Showing results for " compulsive ".

  • Parents of girls provided significantly higher ratings than parents of boys on this scale Additional file Spanish version of the dimensional obsessive—compulsive scale DOCS : psychometric properties and relation to obsessive beliefs.

Background

If sufficient studies are found, we will undertake subgroup analysis to examine the effect on the primary yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing of:. Symptoms of obsessive—compulsive disorder. The scale is a clinician-rated, item scale, each item rated from 0 no symptoms to 4 extreme symptoms total range, 0 to 40with separate subtotals for severity of obsessions and compulsions. McKay, D. This was also C the patient self-report and the clinician measures of true when each dimension was considered separately: severity for each dimension on 98 patients.

If material is not included in the article's Exercise to lose weight calculator Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Additionally, the study examined if treatment outcomes were influenced by the amount of therapeutic contact provided. Search SpringerLink Search. Significant age effects were found within the CLIN parent form across all scales except for the scale Ordering and Repeating.

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Therapist-assisted internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy versus progressive relaxation in obsessive-compulsive disorder: randomized controlled trial. Parents of 11—year-olds gave higher ratings than parents of 6—year-olds. Hence, effectiveness studies were excluded. On the other hand, parent reports may give underestimations because some symptoms e. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. An interactive computer-administered self-assessment and self-help program for behavior therapy.

Stein The internal consistency of each of the six symptom dimensions and the compulsice severity score were excellent. However, Zimmerman found an elevated odds ratio of comorbidity with obsessive compulsive personality disorder for paranoid, schizoid and narcissistic but not borderline personality disorder. Contradictory results of these endeavors might explain the more common use of total scores in measuring treatment effects, rather than using the different suggested factors.

Additional compulaive 8. Assessing obsessions - simple yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing of obsessions, often used with the rituals diaries see above. Do you have another one you could attach a link to? Several pediatric OCD-specific measures have been developed, which assess the self-report of children and adolescents only [ 78910 ]. Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is a severe mental disorder, characterized by obsessions, compulsive rituals, or both. Waiting list may be a nocebo condition in psychotherapy trials: a contribution from network meta-analysis. Development and validation of a child version of the obsessive compulsive inventory.

PDF,PPT,images télécharger Gratuits :PDF Doucuments

Download citation. Google Scholar. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. The five-factor solution did not show any meaningfully interpretable result.

Hence, efficacy could be ppdf, among other factors, by psychotropic drugs. Psychiatry Res. Efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy with exposure yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing response prevention in obsessive compulsive disorder. Confirmatory factor analyses in the CLIN patients with OCD and patients with other psychological disorders and the OCDS based on the factor structure found in the analyses of Waclawiakunpublished did not reveal any satisfactory model fit. Convergent and divergent validity was supported. Behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder guided by a computer or by a clinician compared with relaxation as a control. The total score includes 29 items.

Waller G. The assessment of obsessive-compulsive phenomena: psychometric and normative data on the Padua Inventory from an Australian non-clinical student sample. The structure and scales are the same. Results where the terms occur Anywhere in the page In the title of the page In the url of the page.

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Denman C. Nestadt DSM-IV field trial: obsessive—compulsive Exploratory factor-analysis of obsessive—compulsive patients and disorder.

Sensitivity analysis If there are sufficient data, we will undertake sensitivity analyses to investigate drawin robustness of the overall findings in relation to certain study characteristics. British Journal of Psychiatry. Similarly, Cavallini et to participate would not interfere with their clinical EC al. Review Manager RevMan. The three-factor solution entails the best fit to the data, though it does not fully fulfill the optimal requirement for fit indices used. Stein DJ, Hollander E.

  • Results of Moritz et al. For an examination of the relationship between risk of bias and effect sizes, final risk of bias scores for each study were entered as an additional moderator.

  • Amir, N.

  • Download PDF.

  • Advantages and limitations of internet-based interventions for common mental disorders.

A short summary of this paper. Psychol Assess ; — World Health Organization. Adults were interference and the impairment score 0—15yield- interviewed individually.

In the CLIN, the subscales showed low to high intercorrelations. After removing duplicates, records remained. Compuldive Psychiatry Hum Dev. Low intensity technology-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis. Table 1 summarizes the demographic characteristics of the OCD subsample, the non-OCD clinical subsample, and the community sample separately for different age groups.

BACKGROUND

We will use the weighted mean difference WMD where the same outcome measures are reported in more than one study. Obsessive—compulsive disorder. Numbers in bold are significant Pearson r correlations, two-tailed. Searching other resources Handsearching We will search the reference lists of included and excluded studies for additional relevant trials. In order to increase generalizability, the sample was split in two and parallel exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted.

Search all BMC articles Search. Conducting meta-analyses in R with the metafor package. Moderator analyses using meta-regression [ 30 ] compulsivr comparison between remote treatments versus passive controls were performed with study characteristics of underlying theoretical interest. When comparing remote CBT and controls with other treatments, neither the group-by-time interaction nor the main effect of group pointed to significant differences between conditions. Additional files. All authors have read and approved the manuscript.

January 01, - Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive- compulsive and related disorders. Parents of girls provided yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing higher ratings than parents of boys on this scale Additional file The present analyses included the total score of the parent- and self-rated questionnaire. Behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder guided by a computer or by a clinician compared with relaxation as a control. In the CLIN, the subscales showed low to high intercorrelations. On the other hand, parent reports may give underestimations because some symptoms e.

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Items 18, 20, 21, and 25, which describe compulsions regarding checking, counting and compulsions concerning catastrophes and injuries, also load highly on this factor. When these values and information were not provided, authors were contacted. Additional file 8. January 01, - Information Technology to Improve Health Care Quality Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive- compulsive … Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive- compulsive and related disorders.

Where it may not be possible to assume this, i. Hamilton M. We will also examine bibliographies of systematic review articles published in the last five years to identify relevant studies. Similar efforts according to the specific dimensions.

  • Assessment of obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions: development and evaluation of the dimensional obsessive-compulsive scale.

  • McKay, D. Since its introduction, nine publications investigated the factorial structure of the Y-BOCS, using either exploratory or confirmatory factor analysis.

  • Article Google Scholar

  • Evaluation and Program Planning.

Gov't, P. Rev ; — Denman We will contact authors of relevant studies to enquire about other sources of information and the first author of each included study for information regarding unpublished data. We will assess the degree to which:.

Efficacy of technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for OCD versus control conditions, and in comparison with therapist-administered CBT: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Results from confirmatory factor analyses based on the four-factor solution by Waclawiak ; unpublished. Therefore, OCI-R was analysed separately. E-J Appl Psychol. Either way, keep up the great work! Book Google Scholar. J Pediatr Psychol.

Publications

The main focus of the meta-analysis by Pozza et al. Article Google Scholar 6. Correlations between the OCD-CA Total scores parent- and self-reported and measures of internalizing problems, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms were predominantly moderate to high across samples, which is in line with other studies [ 7846 ].

Manual for the youth self-report and profile. For the remaining 72 studies, a full-text screen was performed. Included studies needed to report outcomes on measures of OCD symptoms e. Additionally, the study examined if treatment outcomes were influenced by the amount of therapeutic contact provided.

  • Comparison of means between self- and parent-report form.

  • Kim et al. The Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive scale Y-BOCS is a semi-structured interview considered to be the gold standard in the measurement of obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD severity, yet findings about its factorial structure are conflicting.

  • Consent for publication Not applicable.

  • In line with Bennet et al. Items are assigned to two broad-band syndrome scales Externalizing and Internalizing Problems and eight syndrome scales.

SKM collected and managed the data regarding the Community Sample. Additional information Publisher's Note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Struct Equ Modeling. Correspondence to Ulrike Buhlmann.

The disorder results in a considerable reduction quality cmopulsive life [ 4 ] and is associated with significantcosts for the individual and society [ 5 ]. Evaluation of myMCT as an integrative bibliotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Depress Anxiety. Article Google Scholar 8. Article Google Scholar 8. J Anxiety Disord. Additional file 6.

Anxiety Disord. The total of younger subjects. Pfohl B Where possible, we will make these comparisons at specific follow-up periods: 1 within the first month, 2 between one and six months, and 3 between six and 12 months. Evaluation and Program Planning.

In the present analyses, the symptom checklist scales and the total OCD severity score of the yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing scale were used. That is, we may have missed relevant literature. Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive- obsdssive and related disorders. Somewhat inconsistent with these findings, our results emphasize that not only highly frequented and intensive clinician-guidance can lead to a symptom reduction but also low personal contact intensity during treatment leads to moderate to large effect size of approximately 0. In the CLIN, the subscales showed low to high intercorrelations. Cut off criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. PLoS One.

Download PDF. Drawing Cogn Psychother. However, we tried to make sure that we included all relevant literature by also checking recent related pfd. Functional impairment in children and adolescents with obsessive—compulsive disorder. Correlations between the OCD-CA Total scores parent- and self-reported and measures of internalizing problems, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms were predominantly moderate to high across samples, which is in line with other studies [ 7846 ]. Second, the exploratory factor analysis did not show an adequate fit for any clearly interpretable model for the self-rated OCD-CA.

Publication types

Psychiatry 59 suppl. Based on pretreatment assessment of 42 patients grown obsessive-compulsive disorder, each item was frequently endorsed and measured across a range of severity. Rent this article from DeepDyve. This study was criticized by some researchers Amir et al. It is currently popular, but the evidence for its efficacy is less clear with some reviewers considering that its only proven benefit appears to be in the reduction of self-harm episodes Bateman

Showing results for " compulsive ". The survey form of the Leyton Obsessional Inventory-Child Version: norms from an epidemiological study. A recent meta-analysis demonstrated that face-to-face CBT, iCBT and bCBT showed no evidence for differences in benefits, however, face-to-face treatment necessitated more clinician time than the other types of delivery [ 10 ]. All authors have read and approved the manuscript.

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Obsessive—compulsive disorder in a birth cohort of year-olds: prevalence and predictors. Three further items regarding counting items 20—21 and not getting ready item 23 also load highly on the fourth factor. A obsesive of records were identified through the electronic and the search through additional sources. Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. In the OCD subsample, self-rated and parent-rated corresponding scales only demonstrated significant mean differences on two scales with opposite tendencies, while Storch et al. Research has also demonstrated good reliability internal consistency and factorial validity for the German version of the YSR [ 3436 ].

The sub-analysis on Yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing demonstrated only a small significant overall effect. Quality criteria were rated either high coded with 2low coded with 0 or unclear coded with 1. A recent comuplsive demonstrated that face-to-face CBT, iCBT and bCBT showed no evidence for differences in benefits, however, face-to-face treatment necessitated more clinician time than the other types of delivery [ 10 ]. Behav Ther. The fourth factor explained This would imply that an asynchronous contact, namely answering time-delayed, automatically generated answers and a low frequency can be as well sufficient for ensuring successful application.

Sensitivity analysis If there compulsive scale pdf sufficient data, we will undertake sensitivity analyses to investigate the robustness of the overall findings in relation to certain study characteristics. The internal consistency of each of comulsive six symptom dimensions and the global severity score were excellent. They found that the item version demonstrated an identical 3-factor structure, identical to the factor structure found by Kim et al. World Health Organization. McKay et al. In a study involving four raters and 40 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder at various stages of treatment, interrater reliability for the total Yale-Brown Scale score and each of the 10 individual items was excellent, with a high degree of internal consistency among all item scores demonstrated with Cronbach's alpha coefficient.

Results Confirmatory factor analyses in the CLIN patients with OCD and patients with other psychological disorders and the OCDS based on the factor structure found in the analyses of Waclawiakunpublished did not reveal any satisfactory model fit. Ethics declarations Ethics approval and consent to participate Not applicable. An additional exploratory principal component analysis with four extracted factors excluding items 20—23, which did not fit to any of the described factors in terms of content, showed the same results. Differential efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy and pharmacological treatments for pediatric obsessive—compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis.

  • Results where the terms occur Anywhere in the page In the title of the page In the url of the page. Specifically, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of only low personal contact intensity treatments.

  • Demographic and clinical characteris- Table 2 presents the number of patients presenting D tics in these two groups were compared using chi- symptoms in each of the dimensions for both the pediatric and adult groups. This Issue.

  • The Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Child Version OCI-CV : further evidence on confirmatory factor analytic structure, incremental and criterion validity in italian community children and adolescents.

  • A test statistic reviewed the consent forms, and asked the subjects to and P-value were computed for each pair of correla- sign them.

  • Campling We will use the standardised mean difference SMD where different outcome measures of the same construct are reported.

Additional file 5. Regarding a comparison of outcomes for remote CBT yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing passive control at post-treatment and comparing pre-post-treatment outcomes, the results of the Egger test were not statistically significant. Clearly, there is a lack of instruments assessing symptoms across common OCD domains, and there are no measures that record both self- and parent report regarding OCD symptom domains. Moderator analysis Moderator analyses using meta-regression [ 30 ] for comparison between remote treatments versus passive controls were performed with study characteristics of underlying theoretical interest. The factor structure of the parent form was broadly found in the self-report see Additional file 2. To sum up, the self-report form showed a less clear factor structure than the parent form.

Cognitive analytic therapy CAT is a brief psychological therapy utilising ideas from psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive therapy and cognitive psychology Denman Sperry L. There were no significant differences between was largely independent of the others. The place for nidotherapy in psychiatric practice.

Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Sperry Sperry L. Gamble C, Hollis S. We plan a priori sensitivity analyses for:.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH article

No model provided a good fit for the data. Samuels calculated the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder using DSM-IV criteria in a community sample to be 1. Therapeutic community treatments involve patients also known as residents not only having therapy together but also working and living together in a shared, therapeutic environment.

Nigg Examples December include dividing patients according to the age of Gml : Ver 6. In addition, they found that the resistance factor was sensitive to the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy. This study was criticized by some researchers Amir et al. Double loadings were found for items 5 control over obsessionsand 10 control over compulsions.

Cognitive analytical therapy. Drawing will report continuous data that are skewed in a separate table, and will not calculate treatment effect sizes to minimise the risk of applying parametric statistics to data that depart significantly from a normal distribution. Author manuscript; available in PMC Sep WHO; Geneva: If it is unclear whether a cluster-randomised trial has used appropriate controls for clustering, we will contact the study investigators for further information. Cognitive behavioural therapy CBT based treatments place emphasis on encouraging the patient to challenge their core beliefs.

Amir et al. Please review our privacy policy. The decision to exclude persons with co-morbid major functional illness is based on the rationale that the presence of such disorders and the possible confounding effects of any associated management or treatment might obscure whatever other psychopathology including personality disorder might be present.

In summary, as a consequence of lower therapist time that is involved, technology-delivered CBT with low personal contact intensity has the potential benefit of cost and time savings for healthcare providers. Computer-delivered cognitive-behavioural treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder: preliminary meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized effectiveness trials. However, the main results indicated no evidence of publication bias. Andersson G, Titov N. Exploratory principal component analyses with varimax rotation 40 patients with OCD were included in the dataset to increase the variance in the sample yielded a four-factor solution Additional file 1.

Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for obsessive—compulsive disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Conducting meta-analyses in R with the metafor package. Reprints and Permissions. The intercorrelations of the subscales in the parent form Additional file 3 yielded different results across the samples. Similar Terms: obsessive.

A further limitation of this meta-analysis is that we failed to preregister the protocol. I really appreciate the work you're sharing. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and moderators. However, our paper has several limitations. Parent forms were only considered if they met the criteria regarding missing values and if the corresponding self-report form was present.

The total score includes 29 items. Medication treatments were not coded. Overall, the results of the present study show that the OCD-CA is a promising, valid and reliable instrument to assess self-rated and parent-rated pediatric OCD symptoms in clinical and non-clinical community populations. Study selection and data extraction process Study selection and the development of the Excel data sheet was conducted by the first author LNH. Accepted : 10 May

Obsessions and compulsions: The Padua Inventory. Assessing obsessions - simple listing of obsessions, often used with the rituals diaries see above. Search digital. There were no studies measuring OCI-R. Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. The disorder is characterized by obsessive, unwanted and recurrent thoughts obsessions and repetitive and time-consuming behaviors compulsions [ 3 ]. Back to Top.

The questionnaires comprise 31 items describing anxiety symptoms and two items describing obsession and compulsion scales: Separation Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobias, Specific Phobias and Total Yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing. Am Psychiatric Pub. The MAP test and parallel analysis determined four factors to be extracted. Guided internet-based vs. Meta-analyses on internet-delivered CBT for OCD reported that guided internet-based interventions lead to a greater symptom reduction [ 21 ] and a smaller drop-out rate than unguided versions of treatments [ 20 ].

The studies can be scals to explore the reason for heterogeneity but this is not recommended where there are few studies. Download pdf. Br J Psychiatry types is likely to lead to greater clarity concerning ; — Arch Gen Psychiatry ; — Several methodological differences and shortcomings in factorial studies of the Y-BOCS might explain the inconsistencies found.

Obsessive—compulsive disorder. British Journal of Medical Psychology. Multi-arm trials We will include all eligible sfale measures for all trial arms in this review. Browne, M. American Journal of Psychiatry. Psychotherapy with the obsessive personality. Personality disorders are a significant source of psychiatric morbidity, accounting for more impairment in functioning than major depressive disorder Skodol

The structure and scales are the same. Pozza etal. The MAP test and parallel analysis determined four factors to be extracted. Download PDF.

  • Throughout, we were applying random effects meta-analytic models as studies could a-priori be assumed to differ systematically in their true effect sizes because of differences in, for example, study design or investigated samples [ 48 ].

  • The evidence for the effectiveness of group therapy in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is mixed.

  • Computer therapy for the anxiety and depression disorders is effective, acceptable and practical health care: an updated meta-analysis. Geographic inequity in the availability of cognitive behavioural therapy in eng land and wales.

  • Pozza etal.

  • A score of Woody et al.

Table 1 Description of the samples Full size table. Due to the cost-advantages of technology-delivered interventions [ 12 ], as well as the difficulty in accessing well-trained therapists in many countries e. We urge researchers and funding bodies for the inclusion of long-term follow-up measures to address this limitation. Forschungsmethoden und Evaluation.

Pearson correlation coefficients were 0. Table 3. J Affect Disord ; 61— These findings suggest that the Yale-Brown Scale is a reliable instrument for measuring the severity of illness in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder with a range of severity and types of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

National Center obsessive compulsive Biotechnology InformationU. If such a relationship is identified, we will examine the obssesive diversity of the studies further as a possible explanation Egger This is an interesting finding considering current cognitive models of OCD, which view particularly the attempt to resist obsessions as an etiological factor in the development and maintenance of OCD Obsessive-Compulsive Cognitions Working Group, These findings are currently underway by other groups of investiga- are in accordance with studies suggesting that tors.

  • Results of ANOVA in the combined clinical sample, OCD subsample and community sample regarding comparison of means between gender in the parent and self-report form are reported.

  • First, sample sizes of most investigations were rather small, relative to the statistical analyses applied Comrey and Lee,

  • Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for symptoms of depression and anxiety: a meta-analysis. Additionally, we included only RCTs investigating the efficacy of evidence-based cognitive behavioral interventions leading to a rather homogenous group of high-quality interventions.

  • Why it is important to do this review Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is an important condition that has a considerable impact on individuals and families.

There are a number of methods that can be used for handling yzle and these include the following. Bateman This was also C the patient self-report and the clinician measures of true when each dimension was considered separately: severity for each dimension on 98 patients. British Journal of Medical Psychology. To evaluate the potential beneficial and adverse effects of psychological interventions for people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and to make recommendations for future areas of research.

Strengths and limitation As there were many recent randomized controlled trials, yale brown obsessive compulsive scale pdf drawing an updated meta-analysis was highly recommended [ 75 ]. Finally, thirty-two items of the German translation of the PI-WSUR drawig adopted and, in part, slightly changed to make items more suitable for children. However, some limitations should also be mentioned: First, with regard to the samples, the COS was not a representative sample, and the CLIN consisted mainly of patients with tic disorders and OCD as the data were collected at the corresponding outpatient departments of the described institutions. The present analyses included the total score of the parent- and self-rated questionnaire. Article Google Scholar 6.

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