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Acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates – Hypothyroidism

Boasting an impressive range of designs, they will support your presentations with inspiring background photos or videos that support your themes, set the right mood, enhance your credibility and inspire your audiences.

Ethan Walker
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
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  • Treatment variables as predictors of intellectual outcome in children with congenital hypothyroidism. It is therefore important that clinicians are able to recognize and treat the disorder.

  • Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Naturally occurring mutations in the thyroglobulin gene.

  • More frequent bowel movements may occur, and diarrhea is common.

  • Other signs include bradycardia, proximal muscle weakness, delayed relaxation of deep tendon reflexes and myxedema, which presents in the face and dorsum of hands and feet.

  • These mutations are dominantly inherited and affected individuals are generally euthyroid, however some hypothyroid individuals have been described. Archived from the original on 5 April

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Surgery to remove the tumor is often very difficult due to metastasis into arteriesthe esophagusor the windpipe. This represents the path taken by the developing thyroid as hypothyroifism descends from the base of the tongue to its final location in the neck [ 2829 ]. This is the most common cause. Your health care provider may use many tools to make a diagnosis: A medical history, including asking about symptoms A physical exam Thyroid testssuch as TSHT3T4and thyroid antibody blood tests Imaging testssuch as a thyroid scan, ultrasoundor radioactive iodine uptake test. Learn the symptoms and your treatment….

  • Rarely, specific gene defects lead to central hypothyroidism. The clinical manifestations are often subtle or not present at birth.

  • Certain medications and substances can interfere with thyroid hormone production.

  • Read and listen offline with any device.

  • Pregnancy can cause certain types of hypothyroidism which, if not treated promptly, usually lead to developmental issues in the fetus. Routine surveillance ultrasound is not recommended.

Treatment of hypothyroidism with once weekly thyroxine. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Smith Lecture by Dr. Treatment with levothyroxine of patients with autoimmune hypothyroidism reduces goiter size, even in children with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Permanent CH can be further classified into permanent primary and secondary or central CH; transient primary CH has also been reported. Choreoathetosis, hypothyroidism, and pulmonary acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates due to human NKX-2 1 haploinsufficiency. This antibody will cross to the fetus and block TSH binding, inhibiting fetal thyroid gland development and function. Mutations in NKX 2. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the following monitoring schedule [ 86 ]. Clinical Trials. In some cases, you might need to take the medicines for several years.

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Crucial role of maternal thyroxine but not of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in the protection of the fetal brain. Tempoates are examples of typical cutoffs for T4 and TSH:. Annals of Internal Medicine. Confirmatory serum is tested for TSH and either free T4 or total T4 combined with some measure of binding proteins, such as a T3 resin uptake.

See our Privacy Policy templlates User Agreement for details. Secondary or central hypothyroidism at birth my mom has ms and i have symptoms of hypothyroidism from a deficiency of thyroid stimulating hormone TSH. Retrieved 6 May A report from Italy compared infants started before and after 21 days of age, subdivided into two treatment groups: those started on 8.

There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. Comprehensive guidelines for the care of a girl with Turner syndrome including recommendations for thyroid screening. This process may be transient or permanent, with decreasing T4 and increasing TSH in the latter case. However, discrepancies in 1-step analog laboratory methods may result in imprecise free T4 levels.

Acquired Hypothyroidism

Views Total views. See a complete acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates of normal range limits for thyroid function at the thyroid gland article. Inadvertent radioactive iodine treatment during pregnancy is rare. Diagnostic algorithm: the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism begins with either abnormal newborn screening test results or a clinical suspicion of hypothyroidism, leading to serum thyroid function tests typically TSH and free T4 to confirm the diagnosis.

The serum T4 should normalize within one to two weeks and the serum TSH should become normal in most infants after one month of treatment. Antenatal diagnosis As acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates hypothyroidism is most commonly not a heritable disorder, and the majority of cases are sporadic, it is not possible to identify a population of pregnant women who are at high risk for fetal hypothyroidism. Neither test approach will detect infants with defects of thyroid transport, metabolism, or action. Hashimoto's thyroiditis - The blood work mentioned above confirms the diagnosis of hypothyroidism, but Verbal IQ was Learn More.

ALSO READ: Tsh Level 10 Hypothyroidism Medication

Parents need to be cautious about using some formulas. Foley T. One may also find evidence of maternal autoimmune thyroid disease or an iodine deficient diet. Ppt templates of monozygotic twins for thyroid dysgenesis: implications for screening and for molecular pathophysiology. N Engl J Med. You are at higher risk for hyperthyroidism if you Are a woman Are older than age 60 Have been pregnant or had a baby within the past 6 months Have had thyroid surgery or a thyroid problem, such as goiter Have a family history of thyroid disease Have pernicious anemiain which the body cannot make enough healthy red blood cells because it does not have enough vitamin B12 Have type 1 diabetes or primary adrenal insufficiency, a hormonal disorder Get too much iodine, from eating large amounts of foods containing iodine or using iodine-containing medicines or supplements What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism? Another study done in 61 infants compared early versus late treatment with low versus high dosing.

Definition and classification Congenital hypothyroidism CH is defined as thyroid hormone deficiency present at birth. All for free. Foley T. Clinical Trials.

Definition and classification

Treatment of a mildly elevated TSH in obese children is not warranted. From embeds 0. This is a condition where certain functions of the body is measured down leading to fatigue and various other problems. Hypothyroidism Under-active Thyroid : Symptoms, causes and treatment - Hypothyroidism is a health condition that occurs when the thyroid gland produces extremely less amounts of thyroid hormone. Latest Highest Rated.

  • Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience.

  • See Figure 3. Number of embeds

  • Clinical evaluation should be performed every few months during the first three years of life along with frequent measurements of serum T4 or free T4 and TSH. Download as PDF Printable version.

  • Congenital hypothyroidism: Diagnostic algorithm.

  • Almost everyone who has radioactive iodine treatment later develops hypothyroidism. European Journal of Endocrinology.

  • Pathophysiology of Hyper and Hypothyroidism - Toxic You also get free access to Scribd!

They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Thyroiditis - Temllates term thyroiditis encompasses many relatively common thyroid disorders, which Phenotypic features include, low set ears, extensive cleft palate, hypertelorism, spiky hair and low posterior hairline. Low thyroid levels during this time may result in irreversible damage, whereas the effects of hypothyroidism after age 3 years generally are reversible when corrected. Archived from the original on 12 October It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and physical deformities. Thyroid disease.

  • Read about the pros and cons of five natural….

  • Anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody is preferred and is more predictive of developing clinical disease.

  • Unusual forms of CH, e.

  • Successfully reported this slideshow. J Med Genet.

  • Thyroid ultrasonography Thyroid ultrasonography is accurate in confirming true thyroid aplasia.

Suspensions and liquid preparations templates levothyroxine should not be used, because they are unstable and do not provide reliable dosing. Help Preferences Sign templats Log in. Dec ;17 4 Surgery to remove these can also leave the patient with either no thyroid gland or an underactive thyroid gland. If you wish to read unlimited content, please log in or register below. This will lower serum total but not free sex hormone concentrations.

Used for over a century, this type of thyroid medication can cause…. TSH is a hormone made by the pituitary gland in the brain that tells the thyroid hypothyroidism how much hormone to make. Another study done in 61 infants compared early versus late treatment with low versus high dosing. These programs tend to report a higher incidence of congenital hypothyroidism [ 63 ]. Minor ocular eye signs, which may be present in any type of hyperthyroidism, are eyelid retraction "stare"extraocular muscle weakness, and lid-lag. Influence of timing and dose of thyroid hormone replacement on development in infants with congenital hypothyroidism.

Effects Of Acquired Hypothyroidism

Interpretation of thyroid function tests can be difficult. Toggle navigation. Enjoying our content?

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  • View by Category Toggle navigation. Levothyroxine should be administered at a different time than these medications.

  • Choreoathetosis - hypothyroidism - neonatal respiratory distress NKX2. Support Center Support Center.

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Natural Thyroid Supplements To Treat Hyperthyroidism Problem - This powerpoint presentation describes about natural thyroid supplements to treat hyperthyroidism problem. Be the first to comment Login to see the comments. Close more info about Acquired Hypothyroidism. Newborn screening results in children with central hypothyroidism. Abhinav Srivastava Follow. This is a once-daily pill that is usually given for life for more information on thyroid hormone, see the Thyroid Hormone Administration: A Guide for Families handout.

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This disease is hypothyoidism as autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto disease. Open Templates post in Endocrinology Metabolism Close. Actions Shares. Dec 4 ; 23 Various blood tests are designed to measure levels of:. On Slideshare 0. Comprehensive guidelines for the care of a child with Down syndrome including recommendations for thyroid screening.

Topical iodine-containing antiseptics and subclinical hypothyroidism in preterm infants. Most commonly, dyshormonogenesis is due to ppt templates of thyroid peroxidase activity [ 46 ]. Acqukred some people, treatment with medications such as beta blockers propranololatenololetc. It does not affect other body tissues. How should we be treating children with congenital hypothyroidism? Neurological manifestations can include tremorschoreamyopathyand in some susceptible individuals in particular of Asian descent periodic paralysis.

Patients with primary hypothyroidism acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates an elevated serum TSH and a low serum total or free T4. See Figure 4. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This medication is administered daily in a pill, on an empty stomach, and usually first thing in the morning. Chromosomal abnormalities predispose to autoimmune hypothyroidism. Next SlideShares.

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Free access to premium services like TuneIn, Mubi, and more. In addition, children may have pubertal delay or rarely, in cases of long-standing severe hypothyroidism, precocious puberty. Toggle navigation. Actions Shares. We can help you find more about effective and reliable natural hypothyroidism treatment.

Successfully reported this slideshow. Girls with Turner syndrome should have a TSH obtained annually after age 4 years. There regular intake would help you in getting the desired results with no side effects if you use it strictly as per directed. Dec ;17 4 Acquired Hypothyroidism. Likes

May ;19 1 As the most common cause of hypothyroidism is autoimmune, anti-thyroid antibodies anti-thyroid peroxidase, anti-thyroglobulin should be obtained. Be the first to comment Login to see the comments. Goiter is the most common physical exam finding.

Hypothyroidism

Interpretation of thyroid function tests can be difficult. Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism - Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Diagnosis and Management Learning Objectives Recognize the signs and symptoms, risk factors, screening and diagnosis, and Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.

Anu Sha. It's FREE! And, acquirdd of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. May ;42 5 We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Newborn screening results in children with central hypothyroidism. Home Explore Login Signup.

An 8 month old infant with a homozygous mutation in the TTF -2 gene locus leading to congenital hypothyroidism. This suggests that thyroid hormone resistance is more common in the younger age group and may resolve with age. Medically reviewed by Marina Basina, M. Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

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Thyroid Disorders Hypothyroidism. Strongest Predictors of Progression Bexarotene-induced hypothyroidism: bexarotene stimulates the peripheral metabolism of thyroid hormones.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. You just clipped your first slide! A family with complete resistance to thyrotropin-releasing hormone. There is truly something for everyone!

  • Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Management of fetal thyroid goitres: a report of 11 cases in a single perinatal unit.

  • Learn why. Nontraditional over the counter thyroid hormone products should not be used.

  • The outlook depends on how quickly a baby is diagnosed and treated. This is due in part to passage of maternal thyroid hormone across the placenta.

  • How should we be treating children with congenital hypothyroidism?

  • However, recent evidence points to the possibility of a genetic component.

Bull, MJ. From embeds 0. How is Hypothyroidism Treated? JCEM ;

It is templates to bear in mind, however, that the degree of hypothyroidism is not simply related to the size of the residual thyroid gland. Transient CH refers to a temporary deficiency of thyroid hormone, discovered at birth, but then recovering to normal thyroid hormone production. PowerPoint PPT presentation free to view. Resistance occurs in the absence of a TSH receptor mutation and can again cause thyroid hypoplasia [ 43 ]. Features include jaundice, a puffy face and a wide posterior fontanelle with open sutures. Total views 29, This has not been a significant issue, however, as management of CH is based on restoring thyroid function to normal, not necessarily knowing the exact underlying cause.

The defective transporter appears to hypothyroivism the passage of T3 into neurons and is characterized by elevated serum T3 levels, low Acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates and normal TSH [ 54 ]. In the absence of newborn screening programs, the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism is made after development of clinical manifestations. Patient Handouts. Congenital hypothyroidism is typically seen in developing countries where iodine deficiency is common. Other symptoms include hyperactivity, possible aggression, an unkempt appearance, and large, thick claws.

Most commonly, dyshormonogenesis is due to defects of thyroid peroxidase activity [ 46 ]. Thyroid suspensions prepared by individual pharmacies may result in unreliable dosing. In these cases, a thyroid remnant is usually found along the normal pathway of the thyroglossal duct. Thyroid and its pathology Hypothyroidism. Symptoms Symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism are initially nondescript; however, the maternal and pregnancy history may provide some clues. Total views 29,

Another form of TSH resistance is hypothyrroidism inherited and has been linked to the long arm of chromosome 15 [ 42 ]. Apparent congenital athyreosis contrasting with normal plasma thyroglobulin levels and associated with inactivating mutations in the thyrotropin receptor gene: are athyreosis and ectopic thyroid distinct entities? For the imaging scan, I is considered an almost ideal isotope of iodine for imaging thyroid tissue and thyroid cancer metastasis. Serum thyroglobulin Tg determination Serum thyroglobulin levels reflect the amount of thyroid tissue and generally are elevated with increased thyroid activity, as when TSH is elevated. J Clin Endocrinol Metab[ ].

This syndrome has been recently referred to as Bamforth-Lazarus Syndrome [ 35 ]. These inborn errors templztes acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates hormone biosysnthesis are the result of mutations in the sodium-iodide symporter, thyroid peroxidase, thyroglobulin, or iodotyrosine deiodinase genes. Medical condition. Influence of timing and dose of thyroid hormone replacement on development in infants with congenital hypothyroidism.

  • Iodine defecincy-neurological type ,myxedematous type 5. But hypothyroidism is easier to treat and causes fewer long-term health problems than hyperthyroidism.

  • Feb 12 ; 7 Patients with primary hypothyroidism have an elevated serum TSH and a low serum total or free T4.

  • Many of the common symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as palpitations, trembling, and anxiety are mediated by increases in beta-adrenergic receptors on cell surfaces.

  • The most effective treatment for acquired hypothyroidism in patients of any age is hormone replacement therapy.

  • The most common etiology of hyperthyroidism is A

Antenatal diagnosis As congenital hypothyroidism is most commonly not a heritable disorder, and the htpothyroidism of cases are sporadic, it is not possible to identify a population of pregnant women who are at high risk for fetal hypothyroidism. These infants were then followed for growth and intellectual outcome hypothyrodiism four years of age. One novel approach is the use of recombinant TSH rhTSH to make the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism without requiring withdrawal of thyroid hormone. Levothyroxine l-thyroxine is the treatment of choice. There was some speculation as to a possible seasonal variation in the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism; however, this topic is still under debate [ 3334 ]. A thyroid scan producing images is typically conducted in connection with the uptake test to allow visual examination of the over-functioning gland. Permanent CH can be further classified into permanent primary and secondary or central CH; transient primary CH has also been reported.

Are you sure you want to Yes No. Hyperthyroidism refers to overactivity of the thyroid gland leading to excessive synthesis of thyroid Help Preferences Sign up Log in. With once-daily medication and close follow-up with your pediatric endocrinologist, your child can live a normal, healthy life. As with other autoimmune conditions, there is a female predominance approximately No notes for slide.

Common Causes Of Acquired Hypothyroidism

July Newborn Screening updated. The underlying etiology of CH typically will determine whether hypothyroidism is permanent templatfs transient, primary, secondary, or peripheral, and whether there is involvement of other organ systems see section on Etiology for details. In those without symptoms who are not pregnant there is little evidence for or against screening. Symptoms may not be typical in the young, old, or pregnant.

Thyroid nodules are more common in older adults. Pendred syndrome - hypothyroidism- deafness - goiter Pendrin mutation. Despite this, however, not all studies report a completely normal outcome. An association between thyroid disease and myasthenia gravis has been recognized. Neonatal detection of congenital hypothyroidism of central origin. Likes

Free access to premium services like TuneIn, Mubi, and more. Hypothyroidism can produce multiple non-specific symptoms. King King. You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all. There regular intake would help you in getting the desired results with no side effects if you use it strictly as per directed.

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The pituitary gland can be damaged following a severe brain injury hypothyroiism secondary to radiation treatment. Likes Instant access acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, podcasts, and more. Diseases of the immune system tend to run in families and are about five times more common in women than in men. Patients with primary hypothyroidism have an elevated serum TSH and a low serum total or free T4.

Understand the link between your stress levels and ttemplates thyroid. In one study done on hypothyroid neonates, ectopic thyroid tissue was found inferior and superior to the hyoid bone, and above the thyroid cartilage [ 30 ]. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. What causes hyperthyroidism?

The New England Congenital Hypothyroidism Collaborative reported that a subgroup of 18 infants who had low serum T4 levels average T4 8. TSH unresponsiveness Primary hypothyroidism 1. This test procedure typically involves two tests performed in connection with each other: an iodine uptake test and a scan imaging with a gamma camera. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow. Increased prevalence of renal and urinary tract anomalies in children with congenital hypothyroidism. A minority of patients develop congenital hypothyroidism as a result of a hereditary defect in thyroid hormone biosynthesis, one of the dyshormonogeneses. Mutations in the iodotyrosine deiodinase gene and hypothyroidism.

But hypothyroidism is easier to treat and causes fewer long-term health problems than hyperthyroidism. Many persons will experience complete remission of symptoms 1 to 2 months after a euthyroid state is obtained, with a marked reduction in anxiety, sense of exhaustion, irritability, and depression. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. The slow development of obvious clinical symptoms [ 13 ], coupled with the importance of early treatment led to the implementation of widespread newborn screening for this condition [ 2 ].

Foley T. History of hypothyroidims disease or anti-thyroid medication intake in mother. Several cases of hypothyroidism acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates antenatally have undergone treatment via intra-amniotic injections of l-thyroxine [ 79 ]. Treatment should be initiated in any infant with a positive screening result, right after confirmatory tests are drawn but before results are available [ 8283 ].

Retrieved 2 April Clin Endocrinol. A acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates from Italy compared infants started before and after 21 hypothyrojdism of age, subdivided into two treatment groups: those started on 8. This study suggests a common genetic component between thyroid dysgenesis and these developmental anomalies. Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. Intellectual and motor development of young adults with congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed by neonatal screening.

The main treatment is to give have baby thyroid hormone levothyroxine. This ppf procedure typically involves two tests performed in connection with each other: an iodine uptake test and a scan imaging with a gamma camera. Symptoms of hypothyroidism underactive thyroid can disrupt several parts of your life. Hyperthyroidism Also called: Overactive thyroid.

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Color Doppler ultrasonography: diagnosis of ectopic thyroid gland in patients with congenital acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates caused by thyroid dysgenesis. In a study of hypotyhroidism seven infants given varying treatment doses of l-thyroxine, serum T3 normalized and remained normal regardless of the treatment dose used, again suggesting that treatment with l-thyroxine alone is adequate [ 82 ]. Also, higher doses of l-thyroxine have been associated with higher intelligence quotients at 7 and 8 years of life, especially in the areas of verbal memory and verbal comprehension [ 92 ].

Ramaiah Medical College. Hashimotos thyroiditis Serum total T4 concentrations are affected by levels of TBG and may be falsely elevated in cases of binding protein excess oral contraceptive use or pregnancy or falsely low in cases of low binding protein TBG deficiency. Subclinical Hypothyroid.

V hydrocortisone may be used in case of adrenal and pituitary J Clin Endocrinol Metab. J Pediatr. Causes of Hypothyroidism 9.

As with other autoimmune conditions, there is a female predominance approximately Jump to Section Are you sure the patient has hypothyroidism? This finding has led to the suggestion that obesity causes a relative TSH resistance. The effects of acquired hypothyroidism are generally vague and are often overlooked. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides.

Urinary xcquired determination If an infant with congenital hypothyroidism is born in an area of endemic iodine deficiency, or if there is a history of excess iodine exposure, measurement of urinary iodine may confirm either iodine deficiency or excess. Unusual forms of CH, e. Thus, a person suffering from hyperthyroidism can often obtain immediate temporary relief until the hyperthyroidism can be characterized with the Radioiodine test noted above and more permanent treatment take place.

  • Thyroid storm presents with extreme symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

  • Shares 0. However, only your doctor can tell for sure whether or not you have the disease.

  • Radiograph of the left lower extremity of two infants, showing absence of the distal femoral epiphysis on left. TBG deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder that occurs in approximatelyinfants, primarily males [ 66 ].

  • No notes for slide.

  • Management of antenatal hypothyroidism as it relates to psychometric outcome is an open question. Treatments and Therapies.

  • Login Register. Sunitinib and hypothyroidism.

My mom has ms and i have symptoms of hypothyroidism occasion, neck tenderness or a sore throat may become apparent after a few days, if moderate inflammation in the thyroid develops and produces discomfort in the neck or throat area. Download as PDF Printable version. How should we be treating children with congenital hypothyroidism? Medically reviewed by Kelly Wood, MD. Treatment depends partly on the cause and severity of disease.

This is a condition where certain functions of the body is measured down hypotgyroidism to fatigue acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates various other problems. These remedies help to avoid the problem in an effective manner. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. Medications that disrupt thyroid function include anti-thyroid drugs propylthiouracil or methimazolelithium, amiodarone and anti-epileptic drugs. The most effective treatment for acquired hypothyroidism in patients of any age is hormone replacement therapy. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

Many of them are also animated. Hashimotos thyroiditis Excess iodine can transiently inhibit iodide organification and thyroid hormone synthesis the Wolff-Chiakoff effect. Hypothyroidism Download Now Download Download to read offline. The most effective treatment for acquired hypothyroidism in patients of any age is hormone replacement therapy.

In the case of autoimmune hypothyroidism, the goiter is typically non-tender, firm, and symmetrically enlarged. Upcoming SlideShare. Once a dose has been established, thyroid function should be monitored times a year. Levothyroxine tablets should be taken once a day according to weight-based dosing. Carpal Tunnel.

  • University of Alberta. Differential diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.

  • For younger children, the tablet may be crushed and mixed with a small amount of liquid or food.

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Authors' contributions MR has researched and written the sections on clinical features, etiology and management and built tables 2, 3, 4, and 6. Hypothyroidism - By: Lydia Ullman Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormone Having a low level of thyroid hormone affects your whole body If ISBN Depending on the dose of radioiodine chosen, and the disease under treatment Graves' vs. Iodine gets into food through soil. Athyreosis refers to the complete absence of thyroid tissue.

Chapter Most cases, however, are not acquired hypothyroidism ppt templates and are discovered when routine ultrasonography discloses a fetal goiter [ 76 ]. The most common presenting symptoms are: rapid weight losstachycardia rapid heart ratevomitingdiarrheaincreased consumption of fluids polydipsiaincreased appetite polyphagiaand increased urine production polyuria. The reason s for the increased incidence is not clear, but one possible explanation may be a change in testing strategy.

Tri-iodothyronine or T3 3. Michel Polak and the Oxford University Press. Of the worldwide birth population of million, it is estimated that 25 percent undergo screening for congenital hypothyroidism. This provides a protective effect, especially to the fetal brain [ 11 ]. Despite this, however, not all studies report a completely normal outcome.

Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Upcoming SlideShare. Hypothyroidism - Colloid an iodine containing protein called thryoglobulin.

Next SlideShares. Thyroid Gland - Investigation of primary hypothyroidism Jun ; 6 Total views 27, Overdosing can be as problematic as under dosing.

As radioactive iodine treatment results in templtaes destruction of thyroid tissue, there is often a transient period of several days to weeks when the symptoms of hyperthyroidism may actually worsen following radioactive iodine therapy. Table 3 Classification and etiology of congenital hypothyroidism. There is a high recurrence risk of hypothyroidism in babies born to mothers with autoimmune thyroid disease associated with a thyrotropin receptor blocking antibody TRB-Ab. This, along with persistent jaundice and poor feeding are the most striking clinical features [ 12 ]. Armour Thyroid is a natural desiccated thyroid extract for treating hypothyroidism.

Synthesis of thyroid hormones 7. Thyroid storm is a severe form of thyrotoxicosis characterized by rapid and often irregular heart beathigh temperature, vomiting, diarrhea, and mental agitation. Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports. The primary T4-follow-up TSH test strategy will detect some infants with secondary or central hypopituitary hypothyroidism and infants with "delayed TSH rise".

Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Percentages of presenting symptoms were taken from this study. Sep ;73 3 Download with free trial.

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With intra-amniotic injections of levothyroxine l-thyroxinethe amniotic fluid TSH fell to 0. The specimen used for newborn screening tests is blood from a heel-prick collected on special filter paper cards. Population study of congenital hypothyroidism and associated birth, defects, Atlanta, For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. Typical administration involves a pill or liquid containing sodium iodide NaI taken orally, which contains a small amount of iodineamounting to perhaps less than a grain of salt. Extraocular muscle weakness may present with double vision. The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice.

In excess, it both overstimulates hypothyrkidism and disrupts the normal functioning of sympathetic nervous systemcausing "speeding up" of various body systems and symptoms resembling an overdose of epinephrine adrenaline. Psychosis and paranoiacommon during thyroid stormare rare with milder hyperthyroidism. Wikimedia Commons. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect.

Actions Shares. Promoted Presentations. Underbrink, MD Byron J. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Maternal antibodies-thyrotropine receptor antibody 6.

Radioiodine therapy is a common and effective treatment for hyperthyroidism. Unresolved questions The underlying etiology of thyroid dysgenesis remains largely unknown. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. There are several forms of TSH resistance. Rare cases of apparent thyroid agenesis have been reported in patients with loss-of-function mutations of the TSH receptor [ 70 ].

This has a poor prognosis. It has uniform potency, reliable absorption and good bioavailability. Permanent versus transient hypothyroidism Some patients with a positive newborn screen for congenital hypothyroidism have transient congenital hypothyroidism. At 32 weeks gestation, amniotic fluid TSH was 8.

Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Percentages of presenting symptoms were taken from this study. Embed Size px. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.

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